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Originally from Norway, Knut Kielland is an ecologist and associate professor of ecology with the Institute of Arctic Biology at the University of Alaska Fairbanks. He has traveled extensively on interior Alaska lakes and rivers in winter, both as a scientist and as a dog musher. His perspective in the Dangerous Ice Project Jukebox is a mixture of personal experience and observation, and scientific understanding.
|Interview Title||Archive #: Oral History||Project||Abstract|
|Larry Davis||2000-102-03||Reindeer Herding: The Present and the Past||
Larry Tingook Davis was interviewed on January 24, 2001 by Greg Finstad, Knut Kielland and Bill Schneider at the Reindeer Herder's House in Nome, Alaska. Pete Terzi, who works with the Reindeer Herders Project, was also present. The interview was facilitated by Greg who has worked with Larry for a long time. In this interview, Larry talks about early days of herding, modern herding, and also about the reindeer crash before World War II and the current crisis. He also discusses the importance of herding to community and family life.
|Tom Gray||2000-102-17||Reindeer Herding: The Present and the Past||
Tom Gray was interviewed on March 19, 2002 by William Schneider, Greg Finstad, and Knut Kielland at the Reindeer Herder's House in Nome, Alaska. Kathy Turco was also present during the interview. In this interview, Tom talks about how he got involved in reindeer herding, the challenges and successes of herding, the effect of caribou moving onto the Seward Peninsula, changing environmental conditions, changing technology, and the future of the reindeer industry. He also touches on how herders use geography to protect their reindeer herds from infiltration by caribou.
|Merlin Henry||2000-102-14||Reindeer Herding: The Present and the Past||
Merlin Henry was interviewed on March 18, 2002 by Bill Schneider, Knut Kielland, Greg Finstad, and Rose Fosdick at the Reindeer Herder's House in Nome, Alaska. Suzanne Worker, an employee of the Reindeer Research Program at the University of Alaska Fairbanks was also present during the interview. In this interview, Merlin talks about his grandfather and father being reindeer herders, the importance of herding as a family activity, the effect of caribou on reindeer herds, changes in the reindeer industry, and what he sees for the future of reindeer herding on the Seward Peninsula. He also talks about not going to school and following his father to learn about herding and driving his own reindeer herds and living off the land.
|Daniel Karmun, Sr., Interview 2||2000-102-05||Reindeer Herding: The Present and the Past||
Daniel "Dan" Karmun, Sr. was interviewed on January 23, 2001 by Greg Finstad, Knut Kielland and Bill Schneider at the Reindeer Herder's House in Nome, Alaska. In this interview, Dan talks about reindeer herding and the reindeer industry in general, but with lots of references to specific places and people. Of particular interest is the discussion of "by-products" from herding such as leg hides and sinew that were given to people who helped with the corralling and handling. Daniel also talks about the crash of reindeer before World War II and his thoughts on the current crash. Dan was able to predict the current crash based on observations of the movement of caribou into the Seward Peninsula.
|Herb Karmun||2000-102-01||Reindeer Herding: The Present and the Past||
Herb Karmun was interviewed on October 4, 2000 by William Schneider, Rose Atuk Fosdick and Knut Kielland at Herb's home in Wasilla, Alaska. In this interview, Herb talks about his family's history of reindeer herding in the area around Deering, Alaska. He describes the variables that influence the health of the herd, with specific mention of wolves, bears, and the movements of caribou. Herb's herd had been taken over by caribou and he was hopeful that he might be able to recover the reindeer.
|Roger Menadelook||2000-102-26||Reindeer Herding: The Present and the Past||
Roger Menadelook was interviewed on March 24, 2003 by Bill Schneider, Knut Kielland, and Kumi Rattenbury at Roger's house in Teller, Alaska. Roger previously had identified some photographs from his father's and grandfather's time as reindeer herders. In this interview, Roger talks about snow depth and snowmachine travel, use of radio collars, and his family's heritage in reindeer herding.
|Leonard Olanna||2000-102-25||Reindeer Herding: The Present and the Past||
Leonard Olanna was interviewed on March 24, 2003 by Bill Schneider, Knut Kielland, and Kumi Rattenbury at Leonard's home in Brevig Mission, Alaska. It was a difficult time for Leonard because he had received word that two relatives had just passed away. Nevertheless, he agreed to go ahead with the interview and then drove the group by snowmachine over to Teller. In this interview, Leonard talks about his family's heritage in reindeer herding, how he got into herding, and the effects of weather on the reindeer and their range. He also talks about the influx of caribou, the effect of wolf predation on his herds, and how he uses radio collars to track his reindeer.
|Faye Ongtowasruk||2000-102-18||Reindeer Herding: The Present and the Past||
Faye Ongtowasruk was interviewed on March 20, 2002 by Bill Schneider, Knut Kielland, and Kathy Turco at the Reindeer Herder's House in Nome, Alaska. In this interview, Faye talks about growing up around reindeer herding, taking over the family's reindeer herd after her husband passed away in 1992, the jobs she has done with herding and during corraling time, and her son managing the herd. She also talks problems with caribou infiltrating the herd and how environmental changes have effected reindeer herds and herdings. Her interview is complimented by some photographs taken by the late National Park Service photographer, Robert Belous.