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Yup'ik Elder Oral History of the Traditional Site, Pugcenar, Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta, Southwest Alaska (Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (ANCSA) Section 14(h)(1): Historical Places and Cemetery Sites).
In the 1970s and 1980s, Alaska Native elders were interviewed to locate sites of enduring significance to their communities, as selected by each Alaska Native Regional Corporation under the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (ANCSA). In the villages of Akiachak, Akiak and Tuluksak in southwestern Alaska, Yup’ik elders identified more than 500 place names within an area of approximately 5,000 square miles between the Yukon and Kuskokwim rivers. One site, Pugcenar, was chosen for a Jukebox project to demonstrate the cultural richness documented in oral history materials archived by the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA)-ANCSA Program. The program's archives of oral history recordings, photos, maps, and site investigations are located in Anchorage at the BIA office. In the Pugecnar Project Jukebox, you can look at photos and maps of Pugcenar, and listen to Yup'ik elders talk about the meaning of the place's name, the resources available in the area, the history of the site's use, and their personal experiences there.
All maps, photos, and transcripts in this project, unless otherwise noted, are from BIA-ANCSA materials. The hand-drawn map is by Joshua Phillip, 1988; and the photo of Pugcenar on Elaayiq River is by Matt O'Leary, 1988, BIA ANCSA.
This project was funded by the National Science Foundation, and was completed in 2006 by Louann Rank and the University of Alaska Fairbanks Oral History Program, with assistance from Ken Pratt, Matt O’Leary, and Robert Drozda, BIA ANCSA. The Pugcenar Project Jukebox was originally created using the Testimony Software format, and in 2021 was upgraded to Drupal. The information in this project reflects the context of the original creation date. Some information may now be out of date.
William Lomack was Yup'ik who was born in 1915 and lived in Akiachak, Alaska. In the lates 1980s, William was interviewed about historic sites and traditional places in the Akiachak area for the Bureau of Indian Affairs Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (ANCSA) Section 14(h)(1): Historical Places and Cemetery Sites Project. He also served on the City Council and the IRA Village Council for the community of Akiachak. William Lomack passed away in 1993.
|George Ayaginaar Moses, Sr.||
George Ayaginaar Moses, Sr. was a Yup'ik elder born on January 6, 1920 in Kwethluk, Alaska. George was in the Alaska Territorial Guard during World War II and then the Alaska National Guard until he retired in 1956. George had three children from his first marriage, and on August 24,1953, he married his second wife, Nellie Moses, and together they raised eight children, including one they adopted. To support his large family, George worked in fish canneries in Bristol Bay and was a... Read More
|Joshua Acurunaq Phillip||
Joshua Acurunaq Makista Phillip was a Yup'ik elder born on January 1, 1912 to Anna (Jackson) Phillip, from Kwethluk, and Phillip Anglluralria in Akiachak, Alaska. His father served as a lay pastor at Qinaq, an abandoned village near what is now Tuntutuliak, and Joshua's grandfather, Wassilie Anguyagpaq, was the first lay pastor with the Moravian Church in Akiachak. Joshua's first wife was Carrie Ayak'aq Lomack, with whom he had four children:... Read More
John Wassillie was Yup'ik who was born in 1917 and lived in Akiachak, Alaska. In the late 1980s, he was interviewed about historic sites and traditional places in the Akiachak area for the Bureau of Indian Affairs' Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (ANCSA) Section 14(h)(1): Historical Places and Cemetery Sites Project.