Elizabeth Naparyaq (Lomack) Peter was interviewed on October 12, 2005 by Louann Rank, Mary Frederick, Frank Chingliak, Sophie Kasayulie and Marla Statscewich at Elizabeth's home in Akiachak, Alaska. In this interview, Elizabeth speaks in Yup'ik about learning Yup'ik values, traveling to seasonal camps, respecting the land and the animals, and stories told in the qasgiq. Sophie Kasayulie translates.
View the written English translation of the traditional story about cannibalism that Elizabeth tells which she learned from Old Man Japhet of Tuluksak (Section 11).
Digital Asset Information
Project: Akiachak - Then and Now
Date of Interview: Oct 12, 2005
Narrator(s): Elizabeth Naparyaq Peter
Interviewer(s): Louann Rank, Mary Frederick, Frank Chingliak, Sophie Kasayulie, Marla Statscewich
Transcriber: Frank Chingliak
After clicking play, click on a section to navigate the audio or video clip.
1) Her personal background and family members, her school teachers' treatment of children, and the names of her school teachers.
2) When she was a child her family went to fall camp from October to December after Kuskokwim River fishing, then back to Akiachak for school until April, and then to spring camp.
3) Learning her way of life from family members in childhood, and her sadness at the death of her older sister who made family clothing.
4) Following Yup'ik laws and values (Yuuyaraq) that are given like gifts from parents and elders.
5) Remembering the qasgiq in Akiachak from 1934-35, going there with her mother, and her mother's dancing.
6) Learning housework, fish preparation and knitting by observation and doing rather than being told, and being unable to sew skins because of an arm surgery.
7) Her children no longer going to spring and fall camp when a new school came in 1968, and the high schools her children attended.
8) Taking care of the land and animals to allow for plentiful return of wildlife by burying animal bones, even egg shells, and keeping hunting sites clean. Spruce gum and seal oil were used as a bandage against infection, and she learned from Lucy Paine of talking to geese.
9) Learning by observing.
10) Burying fish remains on land and land animal remains in the river.
11) The traditional story of cannibalism, from Old Man Japhet of Tuluksak.
12) How children thrive and learn better when they are shown love and respect.
Click play, then use Sections or Transcript to navigate the interview.
After clicking play, click a section of the transcript to navigate the audio or video clip.
Section 1: birthplace\ birth date\ maiden name\ Lomack, Elizabeth Naparyaq \ father -- Lomack, Louis Ilegvak\ mother -- Andrew, Elizabeth Makcuilnguq \ brother -- Lomack, William\ sister -- Lomack, Carrie\ parents -- child rearing\ parents -- voices\ school teachers -- treatment of children\ McDonald, Mr. and Mrs.\ McDougal, Mary\ Blankenship, Ms.\ Waddell, Mr. and Mrs.\ school grade -- highest attended|
Section 2: subsistence -- seasonal round\ fall camp\ fall camp -- months of\ fishing\ Kuskokwim River\ Akiachak -- return\ school\ spring camp|
Section 3: learning\ mother\ sister -- older\ brother -- Lomack, William\ teaching\ teachers --thankful for\ learning -- way of life\ sister -- death of\ sadness\ sister -- sewing family clothing|
Section 4: values\ way of life -- Yuuyaraq\ laws -- gift\ family advice -- timing\ values -- teaching \ parents\ elders\ teaching -- method\ growth -- plant|
Section 5: qasgiq\ Akiachak\ qasgiq -- dancing\ mother\ embarrassment\ qasgiq -- location\ old church\ Peter, James\ qasgiq -- time period\ becoming aware\ younger brother -- birth of\ younger brother -- Johnny|
Section 6: housework\ fish -- preparing\ mother -- teaching\ observation\ knitting\ surgery\ sewing -- skin
Section 7: seasonal camp\ children\ school -- 1968\ graduation -- for job\ Peter, Lincoln -- youngest son\ Manutoli, Pat -- daughter\ Mt. Edgecombe\ Peter, Phillip -- oldest son\ school -- Oregon, Chemawa\ Peter, George -- Bethel Regional High School\ Bethel -- high school|
Section 8: bones -- animal\ bones -- bury\ cans -- bury\ practice -- continued\ hunting -- sites\ campsites -- clean\ foxes -- digging trash\ bones -- found\ bones -- bury\ egg shells -- bury\ burial -- words\ burial -- animal return\ Paine, Lucy -- mentor\ geese -- talking to\ infection -- bandage\ spruce gum -- bandage\ seal oil -- bandage|
Section 9: learning -- by watching\ eyes -- as teachers|
Section 10: fish -- bury\ animals -- burial\ burial -- water\ caribou\ moose\ burial -- winter\ Kuskokwim\ animals -- digging up\ buried animals -- meat remaining\ packaged goods|
Section 11: camp\ roe -- burial\ roe -- nutrition\ roe -- preparation\ roe -- consumption\ food -- cannibalism\ cannibalism -- taboo\ ulu -- value\ grave -- site\ grave -- markers\ death -- facial appearance| Click here for a written English translation of this section.
Section 12: children -- respect for\ McDougal -- Mrs.\ children -- discipline\ children -- behavior|