For The Love of Freedom: Miners, Trappers, Hunting Guides, and Homesteaders. An Ethnographic Overview and Assessment, Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve by Karen Brewster (2018).
This overview documents the culture and traditions of non-native communities and occupational groups traditionally associated with what is now Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve, and demonstrates their use of park resources or occupying lands within park boundaries. These communities and occupational groups include, but are not limited to, small-scale miners, trappers, hunting guides, and homesteaders. Drawing upon existing ethnographic and historical documentation and oral history recordings along with some new oral history interviews conducted for this project, this study discusses what brought these groups of people to the region, why they chose to stay, and how they were able to make a living. It illustrates the adaptation, determination, flexibility, independence, and devotion of people who were once outsiders to transform a new and wild place into their home. Recommendations are made for future historical and ethnographic research to address identified data gaps.