This is the continuation of an interview with Ernest Kignak (Qigñaq) on January 20, 1983 by Bill Schneider and Wendy Arundale at his home in Barrow, Alaska (now known as Utqiaġvik) to review what he said in a previous interview on March 10, 1982 and how it was written up in the Chipp-Ikpikpuk and Meade Rivers Oral History Project final report. Leona Okakok was the Iñupiaq language translator during the interview. In this second part of a two part interview, Ernest talks about caribou hunting and fishing in the Chipp-Ikpikpak area, the historic sites of Alaqtaq, Aviullaavik and Isulimaniq, and reindeer herding. (IHLC Tape #00067)
Digital Asset Information
Project: Chipp-Ikpikpuk and Meade Rivers Oral History Project
Date of Interview: Jan 20, 1983
Narrator(s): Ernest Kignak
Interviewer(s): Bill Schneider, Wendy Arundale
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1) Isuliumaniq and caribou movements.
4) Locating areas and rivers on the map.
5) The Barrow reindeer herd.
6) More about Alaqtaq.
7) Reindeer herding and whaling.
8) Why and when Ernest stopped reindeer herding.
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Section 1: Isuliumaniq\ education - observation\ hunting - locations\ caribou - movements|
Section 2: Aviullaavik\ site - house\ river\ Avuiraq\ Sallik|
Section 3: Alaqtaq\ Ikpikpak\ USGS map\ channels - old and new\ Aviullaavik - location\ Qaglugiksauraq\ fishing - location\ Qaglu\ Aumalik|
Section 4: Ikpikpak River\ Simiutaq\ Titaluk River\ Aumalik and Titaluk - mixed up\ English river names\ Iñupiaq river names\ Qaglugiksauraq\ Suqłaich\ Ikpikpak|
Section 5: herds - Barrow\ boundaries\ herds - Numbers 1-3\ Barrow - south\ Atqasuk\ boundary - inland\ boundary - east|
Section 6: Wainwright\ Alaqtaq\ herds - Wainwright\ herds - grazing areas\ herds - Tommy Brower's\ landmarks - between herds\ earmarks\ herds - keeping separate\ Taaqpak\ Brower\ Wainwright\ Lapps\ Iñupiat\ Aaluk|
Section 7: herders - age\ herding - interfering with whaling\ Taaqpak - herder and whaler\ oil - whale\ chief herder|
Section 8: marriage - stopped herding\ wife\ wolf problem\ herd - too numerous\ herd - corral\ dog team - round up\ herds - Numbers 1-3\ Canada\ Sikvayugak, Joseph \ Hopson, Al\ reindeer - round up\ 1923 - married|