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Ben Nungasak, Interview 2, Part 1
Ben Nungasak

Ben Nungasak (Nuŋŋasauraq) was interviewed on January 19, 1983 by Bill Schneider and Wendy Arundale at this home in Barrow, Alaska (now known as Utqiaġvik) to review what he said in a previous interview on March 15, 1982 and how it was written up in the Chipp-Ikpikpuk and Meade Rivers Oral History Project final report. Leona Okakok was the Iñupiaq language translator during the interview. In this first part of a two part interview, Ben reviews his biographical section in the report, and talks about being a reindeer herder, traveling across the North Slope by dog team, his wage employment, and trading posts along the Beaufort Sea coast east of Utqiaġvik. (IHLC Tape #00072)

Digital Asset Information

Archive #: Oral History 87-102-17

Project: Chipp-Ikpikpuk and Meade Rivers Oral History Project
Date of Interview: Jan 19, 1983
Narrator(s): Ben Nungasak
Interviewer(s): Bill Schneider, Wendy Arundale
People Present: Leona Okakok
Location of Interview:
Funding Partners:
North Slope Borough, Iñupiat History, Language and Culture Commission
Alternate Transcripts
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1) Ben's biographical statement from the report. 

2) When Ben and Henry Nashaknik traveled together.

3) Wage work Ben did on the North Slope.

4) Places Ben traveled when he was herding reindeer.

5) Who herded with Ben.

6) Where caribou were located at different times of the year.

7) Ben's genealogical information.

8) Trading posts Ben remembers being along the coast east of Barrow.

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After clicking play, click a section of the transcript to navigate the audio or video clip.


Section 1: Nungasak, Ben\ reindeer - herding\ herding - Barrow\ travel - herding\ Ikpikpak River\ Aviullaavik\ Isuqtuq\ hunting\ Kutcheeruk\ Anauliġiaq\ Siŋiḷḷak\ qargi\ Colville River - 1937\ Awuna\ marrriage - 1937\ Ekosik, Amos\ Qagluġruaq\ Meade River\ Atqasuk\ Isuqtuq|

Section 2: Nungasak, Ben\ Nashaknik, Henry\ Isuqtuq\ dogs\ travel\ Smith, Jack\ fur trader\ up east\ coal - Tikiġluk\ coal - Aŋutigruaq\ Itqiuraq\ trapping|

Section 3: Navy - 1948\ Arctic Contractors\ fox skins - low prices\ work - mechanic\ NARL\ P.S. & D. (Puget Sound & Drake)\ Pasiksaġiaġvik\ wages\ Anauliġiaq\ work - radiator repair|

Section 4: Kuulurauq\ Kuuvaluum\ Isuqtuq\ herding - Barrow\ reindeer - herds|

Section 5: Nayukaq\ Uvyuak, Harry\ herders - age\ Isuqtuq\ herding - Barrow|

Section 6: caribou - location\ Isuqtuq\ reindeer - herds\ herd mixing\ wolves - driving reindeer\ wolves - hunting reindeer vs. caribou\ caribou - and snow depth\ caribou - and wolves\ wolves - eating reindeer\ caribou - migration from Colville|

Section 7: Noatak\ Masu\ Quaqqat ("foothills")\ Qallu - grandfather\ Utukok River\ Nuŋasuk - grandmother\ Iñuqusaq\ Tuuraq - grandfather\ Qayyaq - grandmother\ marriage - arrangements|

Section 8: Smith, Jack\ Gordon, Tom\ Barter Island\ Edwardsen\ Etok\ Chamberlain, Henry\ Beechey Point|