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Zorro Bradley, Part 1
Zorro Bradley

Zorro Bradley was interviewed on September 27, 1991 by William Schneider and Dan O'Neill in Fairbanks, Alaska. In the 1970's, Bill Schneider worked for the Cooperative Park Studies Unit under Zorro's supervision, so they knew each other well prior to this interview. In this first part of a two part interview, Zorro talks about working as an anthropologist with the National Park Service in the early days of establishment of new park units in Alaska after passage of the Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act (ANILCA) of 1980. He discusses projects worked on and his role in the formulation of the National Park Service's policy on subsistence management in the parks.

Digital Asset Information

Archive #: Oral History 91-22-21

Project: Yukon-Charley Rivers National Preserve
Date of Interview: Sep 27, 1991
Narrator(s): Zorro Bradley
Interviewer(s): Dan O'Neill, Bill Schneider
Location of Interview:
Funding Partners:
National Park Service
Alternate Transcripts
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1) Personal history and his family's involvement with the National Park Service

2) Career with the National Park Service

3) Coming to Alaska for the National Park Service, and his early work in evaluating archaeological and historic sites for potential park devolopment

4) Reassignment to Alaska

5) Reasons for wanting to come to Alaska

6) Feelings about the necessity for the National Park Service to acquire lands, and his philosophy about preservation

7) Conflicts between agencies and between agencies and private interests, and within the National Park Service, in the period just prior to ANILCA

8) What he would wish for or expects to come to pass for Alaska parks

9) The rationale for acquiring park lands

10) The "land grab" by the National Park Service in Alaska and how he justifies the acreages involved

11) Emergence of subsistence as an issue on park lands

12) Trips with Bob Belous on the Kobuk River, the Kuuvangmiit study, and people who influenced Bob Belous' attitudes towards subsistence

13) Impact that the Kuuvangmiit study and his emphasis on subsistence had on National Park Service policy in Alaska

14) Impact of the early subsistence guidelines drawn up by park personnel in Alaska, and his personal feelings about what constitutes a subsistence user

15) Non-Native subsistence use

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Section 1: Bradley, Zorro\ Grand Canyon National Park\ Bradley, Natalie\ Bradley, Martin\ Bradley, Pat|

Section 2: Chaco Canyon National Monument\ Pipe Springs National Monument - historic preservation\ National Park Service - historic preservation\ Jefferson National Memorial - historic preservation\ Russell Cave National Monument|

Section 3: National Park Service - Alaska\ National Park Service - goals in Alaska\ Point Hope\ Punuk Islands\ Saint Lawrence Island\ Fort Seward\ Old Kason\ Prince of Wales Island\ National Register of Historic Places\ Kobuk Valley\ Cape Krusenstern\ Attu\ D-2 - studies|

Section 4: Bartlett, Vida\ Cooperative Park Studies Unit\ Hartzog, George\ University of Alaska Fairbanks - Anthropology Department\ Morehead, Bruce\ Wenger, Gill\ Vole, Chuck\ Nichols, Bob\ Cape Krusenstern|

Section 5: General Land Office\ archaeology - Alaska\ oil development - impact\ National Park Service - expansion\ Udall, Stuart\ ANCSA\ Hartzog, George\ federal lands - competition between agencies|

Section 6: resources - development\ population pressure\ National Park Service - importance\ public lands - philosophy\ National Park Service - philosophy\ private land - dangers\ preservation - philosophy|

Section 7: Fish and Wildlife Service\ National Park Service - expansion\ D-2 lands\ Bureau of Land Management\ "lock-up" of resources\ resources - development\ Rutter, John\ Alaska Area Office\ Alaska Task Force\ Swem, Ted\ Alaska - opportunity for preservation\ preservation - goals|

Section 8: Canadian parks - NPS relationship with\ Wrangell-Saint Elias\ Kluane National Park (Canada)\ Powers, Roger\ Dry Creek Site\ Swem, Ted\ international parks\ Bering Straits|

Section 9: lands - protection\ Brown, Bill\ historical significance\ frontier mythos\ National Park Service - goals\ lands - intrinsic values\ Bradley, Zorro\ preservation - philosophy\ National Park Service - expansion\ historic preservation\ cultural resources\ land use - wilderness\ wilderness - value of\ lands - intangible values\ resources - development\ development - environmental dangers\ lands - human impact|

Section 10: National Park Service - expansion\ "land grab" - Alaska\ watershed - preservation\ biotic resources - management\ Yellowstone National Park - wildlife management|

Section 11: Native people - subsistence\ National Park Service - relationship with Native people\ Chaco Canyon\ Grand Canyon\ National Park Service - harassment by\ Point Hope\ Kobuk River\ subsistence users\ subsistence - legislation\ subsistence - future of\ Swem, Ted\ Belous, Bob\ Ambler\ Shungnak|

Section 12: Nelson, Dick\ Anderson, Doug\ Kuuvanmiut study\ Bane, Ray\ subsistence - policy development\ subsistence - legislation\ Uhl, Carrie \ Uhl, Bob\ Gray, Minnie\ Kobuk River\ National Park Service - management philosophy|

Section 13: Kuuvanmiut Study\ National Park Service - Alaska\ National Park Service - subsistence policy\ subsistence - NPS policy\ subsistence - legislation|

Section 14: subsistence users\ subsistence - policy\ population pressure\ bush living - rationale\ social experimentation\ 1960's attitudes\ gold rush - attitudes\ old timers - attitudes\ Pah River\ Bettles|

Section 15: subsistence - regulations\ Cameron, Oliver\ Uhl, Bob\ Belous, Bob\ "white Eskimos"\ Kowalski, James\ Ambler River\ Redstone River|