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Ted Swem, Interview 1, Part 2

This is a continuation of the interview with Ted Swem by Bill Schneider on October 10, 1991 at his home in Evergreen, Colorado. In this second part of a two part interview, Ted talks about working for the National Park Service in Washington, D.C., and planning and establishing new national parks in Alaska.

Digital Asset Information

Archive #: Oral History 91-22-26

Project: Gates of the Arctic National Park
Date of Interview: Oct 10, 1991
Narrator(s): Ted Swem, Sr.
Interviewer(s): Bill Schneider
Location of Interview:
Funding Partners:
National Park Service
Alternate Transcripts
There is no alternate transcript for this interview.

After clicking play, click on a section to navigate the audio or video clip.


1) Wrangell-St. Elias National Park continued

2) Subsequent trips to Alaska from 1965-1968

3) Trying to involve the State of Alaska in Park Service planning during the first administration of Governor Walter Hickel

4) Happenings in the year 1968

5) How the Park Service reacted to the news that President Johnson would not sign any of the Alaska proclamations except for the Katmai additions

Click play, then use Sections or Transcript to navigate the interview.

After clicking play, click a section of the transcript to navigate the audio or video clip.


Section 1: involvement -- 1940's\ Willis, Frank\ Canadian government\ international park\ slide collection\ Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act\ 1972\ Wirth, Connie -- took slides\ travel -- Advisory Board\ Parks For America\ Udall, Stewart\ publication -- 1964\ new area -- proposal\ Olson, Sig\ Swem -- travel|

Section 2: Alaska office -- established\ Anchorage\ Hartzog, George\ Mt. McKinley superintendent\ State Coordinator for National Park Service\ Alaska field office -- Anchorage\ study -- landmark area\ National Park Service -- evolution in Alaska\ Advisory Board -- trip\ Glacier Bay\ Cain, Stan\ Rutter, John\ Swem, Ted|

Section 3: Rutter, John\ Swem, Ted\ Hartzog, George\ Hickel, Walter -- trip\ booklet\ Allin, Roger\ Collins, George\ Gates of the Arctic\ Skagway -- historical area\ Hartzog, George\ National Park Service -- new additions\ state involvement\ Skagway -- Hickel interested in\ McMurray, Carl\ historic studies\ Wood-Tikchik\ Gates of the Arctic\ Gates -- first study of\ Mattes, Merrill\ multi-discipline team approach\ master plan study -- Mt. McKinley\ Everhart, Bill\ Olson, Sig Sr.\ Wayburn, Ed\ Swem, Ted\ Gates of the Arctic|

Section 4: Swem, Ted -- Washington D.C.\ Everhart, Bill\ Gates study\ Udall, Stewart\ Johnson, Lyndon\ presidential proclamation for new national monuments\ National Park Service -- tight security\ Johnson Proclamations\ Mattes, Merle\ Husted, Jim\ Bureau of Land Management\ Fish and Wildlife Service\ Gates\ Katmai addition\ Naknek Lake West\ McKinley addition\ Marshall, Bob\ 2 unit area\ Bureau of Land Management -- opposition\ Bill, Spud\ Udall, Stewart -- presentation\ Johnson, Lyndon -- story\ Johnson, Lady Bird\ Clifford, Clark -- opposed\ Aspinal, Wayne\ Moss, Senator -- Utah\ New York Times\ Robert Kennedy Stadium|

Section 5: proclamations signing\ Katmai -- signed\ Riley, Burke\ Saylor, John -- Pennsylvania\ environmentalist\ Alaska -- interest in|