Maurice "Mike" Gravel is a former Democratic United States Senator from Alaska, who served two terms from 1969 to 1981, and was a candidate in the 2008 presidential election. He served in the Alaska House of Representatives from 1963 to 1966 and became its Speaker of the House. Gravel was elected to the United States Senate in 1968. He and Ted Stevens had many public confrontations on issues related to Alaska during the twelve years he was in office. He considers himself a “maverick” who was always trying to protect Alaska’s interests and did not play by party rules. At the time of his 2011 interview, Senator Gravel was living in Burlingame, California.