This is a continuation of the interview with Lillian Walker on September 2, 2003 by Debbie Turner from the Holy Cross Tribal Council and Karen Brewster from the University of Alaska Fairbanks Oral History Program in the empty apartment Lillian was moving out of in Anchorage, Alaska. In this second part of a two part interview, Lillian continues to discuss getting an education at the Holy Cross Mission and what life was like there, and living at Ghost Creek, outside of the village of Holy Cross. She also talks about her wedding, sewing clothes for her family, homeschooling her children, the challenges of living and raising children at Ghost Creek, and when they first got electricity.
Digital Asset Information
Project: Holy Cross Community Project Jukebox
Date of Interview: Sep 2, 2003
Narrator(s): Lillian Walker
Interviewer(s): Karen Brewster, Debbie Turner
After clicking play, click on a section to navigate the audio or video clip.
1) Easter celebration at the Holy Cross Mission.
2) Clothing worn at the Mission, and games they played.
3) Her small wedding ceremony and how hard it was for her to leave the Mission.
4) Importance of education and her passion towards education.
5) Taking her children out of school and teaching them at home.
6) The importance of parents being involved with their children's education.
7) Sewing clothing for her children.
8) The family's morning routine of getting up and getting the kids off to school.
9) When electricity first came to Ghost Creek, and working in the laundry at the Mission.
Click play, then use Sections or Transcript to navigate the interview.
After clicking play, click a section of the transcript to navigate the audio or video clip.
Section 1: Holy Cross Mission\ holiday -- celebration\ Easter\ holy week\ singing\ baptizing\ holy water\ Holy Saturday\ religion\ holiday -- no work|
Section 2: sewing machine\ sewing -- clothes\ clothes -- aprons\ clothes -- boy's underwear\ cloth -- flannel\ clothes -- bloomers\ buttons\ clothes -- bras\ Parker, Marsha\ clothes -- Sisters\ clothes -- black robes\ games -- baseball\ baseball -- cheer\ games -- marbles\ games -- horseshoes\ games -- races\ games -- sledding\ Ghost Creek\ skies -- home-made\ dogteam\ dogs -- care of\ smoke house\ fish -- salmon\ fish -- dried flat\ fish -- eggs\ wood -- hauling\ dog -- barn\ king salmon -- heads\ food -- salted salmon cheeks\ fish -- cutting\ water -- running\ camp -- cleanliness\ fish -- salmon strips\ fish -- learning to cut\ Mrs. Anthony -- teacher\ fish -- cutting flat\ fish -- whitefish|
Section 3: marriage\ wedding -- witnesses\ Stockman, Gladys\ Ghost Creek\ dance -- not attend\ ceremony -- small\ Mission -- breakfast\ Mission -- leaving\ crying\ Mission -- security\ Mission -- missed\ Mission -- visited|
Section 4: education -- value of\ education -- lack of\ high school\ education -- love of\ dream -- to be teacher\ career -- possibilities\ success\ perseverance|
Section 5: children -- raising\ education -- love of\ school -- homeschool\ Holy Cross\ Mission -- closure\ teachers -- volunteer\ teachers -- criticizing parents\ alcohol\ school -- removed children\ education -- books\ Shageluk\ Aniak\ Richard, Maggie\ Walker, Vita\ priest\ school -- argument|
Section 6: education -- involvement of parents\ school -- subjects\ teaching -- method\ homework -- help with\ Walker, Rudy\ Walker, Fred -- grandson\ teachers -- talk to|
Section 7: children -- raising\ clothing -- sewing\ diapers -- homemade\ clothing -- washing\ cloth -- flannel\ cloth -- flour sack\ sewing -- hand-sewing\ sewing -- crocheting\ clothing -- homemade\ Mission -- learned to stay busy\ cloth -- corduroy\ Ghost Creek\ school -- dresses\ school -- pants\ clothing -- warm\ clothing -- mukluks\ clothing -- shoe pac boots\ winter -- temperature\ weather -- change in|
Section 8: family -- routine\ morning\ electricity -- hours of\ power plant\ school -- start time\ breakfast\ food -- pancake\ food -- oatmeal|
Section 9: Ghost Creek\ electricity -- first\ AVEC\ village council\ candles\ power plant -- breakdown\ Holy Cross Mission -- generators\ Brother Fox\ gas lamps\ washing machine -- first\ clothing -- drying\ stove\ iron\ Mission -- laundry\ Mission -- drying room\ sweating\ bath|