Thomas "Tom" Brower, Sr. (Paniattaaq) was interviewed on January 21, 1983 by Bill Schneider and Wendy Arundale at his home in Barrow, Alaska (now known as Utqiaġvik) to review what he said in a previous interview on March 11, 1982 and how it was written up in the Chipp-Ikpikpuk and Meade Rivers Oral History Project final report. In this first part of a two part interview, Tom reviews his biographical section in the report, and talks about the inland travel routes, hunting and trading along the river systems, and trading posts and trade fairs. (IHLC Tape #00062)
Digital Asset Information
Project: Chipp-Ikpikpuk and Meade Rivers Project Jukebox
Date of Interview: Jan 21, 1983
Narrator(s): Thomas "Tom" Brower, Sr.
Interviewer(s): Bill Schneider, Wendy Arundale
After clicking play, click on a section to navigate the audio or video clip.
1) Reviewing the introductory information in the report.
2) Tracing the inland water routes and identifying locations on a map
3) The trade and hunting on the rivers.
4) The effect of trading posts on trade fairs and travel routes.
5) Setting up the series of trading posts.
6) Charles Brower, Sr.'s decisions about placing people in trading posts.
Click play, then use Sections or Transcript to navigate the interview.
After clicking play, click a section of the transcript to navigate the audio or video clip.
Section 1: history - Chipp-Ikpikpak\ Dease Inlet\ Qaksu\ portage - Nunamiut\ Cape Simpson|
Section 2: Smith Bay\ Ikpikpak River\ Alaqtaq River\ Chipp River\ Qaksu\ Barrow\ Iksrugaġvik (lit. place where they load)\ boats - loading\ boats - portage\ Avvaq Bay\ navigation - waterways\ portage\ Iqalulik (lit. stream with the fish in it)\ Pasigruaq (lake)\ Kukiktok\ Oarlock Island\ Kumulich "sweet leaves"\ Tunakaaviq\ rocks\ Pitalagruaq\ lake\ Mayuaġiraq\ stream\ Paisaq\ heirloom\ Paisaq - portage\ Aniachiak\ rivers\ cabin - Sakeagak, Abel\ Imaġruaq\ reindeer - herding\ reindeer - Barrow\ Qaluvik\ bailing out\ Smith Bay\ landing - use\ Mayuaġiaq\ camping - Tasiqpak Lake\ navigation - lakes\ routes\ travel\ hunting - caribou\ trade - inland\ Tamasaagnak\ streams - small|
Section 3: Kivaliñaat\ moving eastward\ Kivanmun\ eastward\ trade - goods\ hunting - caribou\ boats - types\ hunting - geese\ hunting - techniques\ Cape Halkett\ Kuparuuq\ trade - early summer\ hunting - late summer|
Section 4: whaling\ trade - fur\ trade - 1913 - 1915\ hunting - patterns\ hunting - partnerships\ trading posts\ supply ships - San Francisco\ trading post - Barrow\ trading post - Wainwright\ trading post - Point Hope\ H. Liebes Co.\ travel routes - prehistoric\ whale bones\ houses - sod\ Utukok\ Native language|
Section 5: Brower, Sr., Charles\ whalers\ trade - partnerships\ trading posts\ trade - decisions\ Nunamiut\ Colville River\ marriage - intermarriage|
Section 6: Brower, Sr., Charles\ Brower, Sr., Thomas\ trading posts\ reindeer - herding|