This is a continuation of the interview with Ray Bane in his office in Anchorage, Alaska on August 3, 1992 with David Krupa. At the time, Ray was working in the Subsistence Division of the National Park Service. This is a continuation of tape number Oral History 93-14-42. In this part of the interview, Ray talks about subsistence issues abd co-management in Gates of the Arctic National Park,
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1) Subsistence issues and how they pertain to Gates of the Arctic National Park
2) The focus of early subsistence studies
3) Early land studies: information found and conclusions raised
4) The impact of compromises on subsistence policy
5) Co-management options as future applications to Gates of the Arctic National Park
6) Uniqueness of Gates of the Arctic National Park and the surrounding area
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Section 1: subsistence\ park -- formation\ subsistence -- awareness\ Nelson, Dick|
Section 2: subsistence\ subsistence-technical\ subsistence -- function\ Nelson, Dick\ subsistence -- esoteric\ communication\ mapping -- place names\ Sun, Joe\ Shungnak|
Section 3: subsistence -- cycle\ subsistence -- residence\ subsistence -- importance\ subsistence -- cultural identity\ subsistence -- definitions|
Section 4: subsistence -- compromise\ change -- lifestyle\ Eskimo\ Iñupiaq\ Anaktuvuk Pass\ Kobuk River\ Athabascan\ Koyukuk\ change -- cultural\ Shungnak\ Kobuk River\ Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act\ Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act\ land -- divisions\ cabin\ cutting wood\ Bettles\ Yellowstone National Park\ Development\ pipeline oil\ "End of the Frontier"\ statehood|
Section 5: Canada\ Quebec\ management -- participatory\ Alaska Eskimo Whaling Commission\ Alaska Native Walrus Commission\ land -- Native management\ hiking\ nature -- appreciation|
Section 6: Brooks Range\ exploration\ nature\ Kobuk River\ Sun, Joe\ Shungnak\ fish trap\ stories\ lamp -- seal oil\ Noatak Valley|