Project Jukebox

Digital Branch of the University of Alaska Fairbanks Oral History Program

Documents

Title External URL Link to Document Project
A List of Inupiaq Sea Ice Terminology

Lists of Iñupiaq sea ice terminology from the North Slope Iñupiaq to English Dictionary (Compiled by Edna Ahgeak MacLean. Alaska Native Languages Archives, University of Alaska Fairbanks, 2012), The Meaning of Ice: People and Sea Ice in Three Arctic Communities (edited by Shari Fox Gearheard, Lene Kielsen Holm, Henry P. Huntington, Joe Mello Leavitt, Andrew R. Mahoney, Margaret Opie, Toku Oshima, and Joelie Sanguya, Hanover, NH: International Polar Institute Press, 2013), Alaska Shorefast Ice: Interfacing Geophysics With Local Sea Ice Knowledge and Use (Matthew L. Druckenmiller. Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Alaska Fairbanks, August 2011), the North Slope Borough Iñupiat History, Language and Culture Commission (no date, but maybe circa 1990), Hunters of the Northern Ice (Richard K. Nelson. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 1969),  Harvest of the Sea: Coastal Subsistence in Modern Wainwright. (Richard K. Nelson. A Report for the North Slope Borough's Coastal Management Program. Barrow, AK: North Slope Borough, 1981); a revision of Nelson's 1969 list by Ronald H. Brower, Sr., Inupiaq Instructor, Alaska Native Language Center at the University of Alaska Fairbanks and Wainwright elder Rossman Peetook (unpublished manuscript, 2009); and Barrow Inupiaq Sea Ice Terminology complied by Ronald Brower, Sr, in 2008, updated 2015 (unpublished manuscript).

PDF icon list of sea ice terms Sea Ice Project Jukebox
A Report on Historic Ice Conditions Along The Beaufort Sea Coast of Alaska

Historical References to Ice Conditions Along The Beaufort Sea Coast of Alaska. Lewis H. Shapiro, Ronald C. Metzner, and Kenneth Toovak. Scientific Report supported by NOAA Contract 03-5-022-55, Task No. 6. Fairbanks, AK: Geophysical Institute, University of Alaska Fairbanks, 1979.

PDF icon Historical References to Ice Conditions Along The Beaufort Sea Coast of Alaska Sea Ice Project Jukebox
Alaska Shorefast Ice: Geophysics and Local Knowledge

Alaska Shorefast Ice: Interfacing Geophysics With Local Sea Ice Knowledge and Use. Matthew L. Druckenmiller. Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Alaska Fairbanks, August 2011.

PDF icon Interfacing Geophysics With Local Sea Ice Knowledge and Use Sea Ice Project Jukebox
Alaskan Eskimo Exploitation of the Sea Ice Environment

Alaskan Eskimo Exploitation of the Sea Ice Environment. Richard K. Nelson. Fort Wainwright, AK: Arctic Aeromedical Laboratory, Aerospace Medical Division, Air Force Systems Command, 1966.

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Alaskan Eskimo Exploitation of the Summer Sea Ice Environment

Alaskan Eskimo Exploitation of the Summer Sea Ice Environment. Richard K. Nelson. Report to the Arctic Aeromedical Laboratory, Contract Number AF 41 (609)-3200. Fort Wainwright, AK: Arctic Aeromedical Laboratory, Aerospace Medical Division, Air Force Systems Command, 1968.

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All About Sea Ice

All About Sea Ice is a website by the National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSDIC) that offers a glimpse of the characteristics and different forms of sea ice, why it is so important to our environment, and popular scientific methods used for studying it. It presents a basic description of what sea ice is and how it forms, provides data analysis and scientific discussion of things like the thermodynamics and physics of sea ice, and discusses how sea ice affected explorers who struggled to reach the poles. The website also includes links to other related sea ice science material.

Sea Ice Project Jukebox
Arctic Sea Ice News

Arctic Sea Ice News and Analysis is a website by the National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSDIC) that provides weekly analysis and updates of Arctic sea ice conditions. It includes images, a description of conditions, and analysis within a larger scientific context.

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Arctic Stories

Arctic Stories (http://www.arcticstories.net/index.html) is a website with video storytelling of voices from the Arctic and scientists who study it developed by Peter Lourie, Paul and Jody Shepson with a grant from the National Science Foundation because of their passionate concern about climate change. Interviews are grouped by themes: sea ice, science, wildlife, Arctic life, climate, and people.

Sea Ice Project Jukebox
Arctic Thaw

Arctic Thaw: The People of the Whale in a Changing Climate (http://peterlourie.com/upcomingnorthpole.htm) is a children's book by Peter Lourie who also developed the Arctic Stories website with video storytelling of voices from the Arctic.

Sea Ice Project Jukebox
Assessing the Shorefast Ice

“Assessing the Shorefast Ice: Iñupiat Whaling Trails off Barrow, Alaska.” Matthew L. Druckenmiller, Hajo Eicken, John C. George, and Lewis Brower. In SIKU: Knowing Our Ice, Documenting Inuit Sea Ice Knowledge and Use, edited by Igor Krupnik, Claudio Aporta, Shari Gearheard, Gita J. Laidler, Lene Kielsen Holm, New York: Springer, 2010, pp. 203-228.

PDF icon Assessing the Shorefast Ice: Iñupiat Whaling Trails off Barrow, Alaska Sea Ice Project Jukebox
Bering Strait Region Ocean Currents

Indigenous Knowledge and Use of Bering Strait Region Ocean Currents. Social Science Program, Natural Resources Division, Kawerak, Inc. (Julie Raymond-Yakoubian, lead author, Social Science Program Director). Nome, AK: Kawerak, Inc., 2014.

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Bob Uhl Journals

For 54 years, Bob and Carrie Uhl maintained a subsistence lifestyle at Cape Krusenstern near Kotzebue, Alaska. Summers were spent in a tent (and later in a tiny cabin) on the beach at Sisualik, where they were able to fish and hunt marine mammals. In the winter, they moved inland to a more sheltered cabin where trees provided wood for heat, a stream running under the winter ice provided water, and moose and caribou provided food. Bob kept a daily journal of resource observations of the Cape Krusenstern area from 1990 to 2004. These journals provide an important long-term record of things like the timing of freeze-up and break-up of the ice of Kotzebue Sound and Hotham Inlet, the safety of the ice trail between Sisualik and Kotzebue, the changing ice conditions, and daily temperature and winds. Bob generously gave permission for the National Park Service to edit and publish his journals in order to better share this invaluable insight into a vanishing lifestyle. They are available through the Cape Krusenstern National Monument website.

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Communities and Ice

“Communities and Ice: Linking Traditional and Scientific Knowledge.” Martin Tremblay, Christopher Furgal, Violaine Lafortune, Caroline Larrivée, Jean-Pierre Savard, Michael Barrett, Tuumasi Annanack, Noat Enish, Peter Tookalook, and Betsy Etidloie. In Climate Change: Linking Traditional and Scientific Knowledge, edited by Rick Riewe and Jill Oakes, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada: Aboriginal Issues Press, University of Manitoba, 2006, pp 123-138.

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Drift Velocities of Ice Floes

“Drift Velocities of Ice Floes in Alaska's Northern Chukchi Sea Flaw Zone: Determinants of Success by Spring Subsistence Whalers in 2000 and 2001.” David W. Norton and Allison Graves Gaylord. Arctic, Vol. 57, No. 4 (December 2004), pp. 347-62.

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Effects of Changing Sea Ice

"Effects of Changing Sea Ice on Marine Mammals and Subsistence Hunters in Northern Alaska from Traditional Knowledge Interviews." Henry Huntington, Lori Quakenbush, Mark Nelson. Biology Letters. Vol. 12, Issue 8 (August 2016). http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rsbl.2016.0198, accessed August 30, 2017.

PDF icon Effects of Changing Sea Ice_Huntington.pdf Sea Ice Project Jukebox
Exchange for Local Observations and Knowledge of the Arctic (ELOKA)

The Exchange for Local Observations and Knowledge of the Arctic (ELOKA) facilitates the collection, preservation, exchange, and use of local observations and knowledge of  the Arctic. ELOKA provides data management and user support, and fosters collaboration between resident Arctic experts and visiting researchers. ELOKA was launched during the 2007-2009 International Polar Year. The purpose of ELOKA is to provide data management services and support to Arctic communities and others who are working with local and traditional knowledge (LTK) or who are gathering community-based monitoring data and information.

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Experts Workshops to Comparatively Evaluate Coastal Currents and Ice Movement in the Northeastern Chukchi Sea

Experts Workshops to Comparatively Evaluate Coastal Currents and Ice Movement in the Northeastern Chukchi Sea; Barrow and Wainwright, Alaska, March 11-15, 2013. Report edited by Mark Johnson, Hajo Eicken, Matthew Druckenmiller, and Richard Glenn. University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, Alaska, 2014.
With contributions on Iñupiaq knowledge from: Billy Adams, Linda Agnassaga, Ransom Agnasagga, Raymond Aguvluk Jr., Ben Ahmaogak Jr., Mary Ellen Ahmaogak, Roy Ahmaogak, Cora Akpik, Max Akpik Sr., Marjorie Angashuk, Jim Allen Aveoganna Jr., Frank Bester Jr., Lewis Brower, Fred Ekak, Craig George, Charlie Hopson, Nora Itta, Artie Kittick, Joe Mello Leavitt, Alva Nashoalook Jr., Eli Nukapigak, Thomas Nukapigak, Tommy Olemaun, Margaret Opie, Billy Oyagak, Enoch Oktollik, Ronald Oviok, Ida Panik, Jack Panik, Billy Blair Patkotak, Rossman Peetok, Julius Rexford Sr., Bob Shears, Michael Tagarook.

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Field Techniques for Sea Ice Research

Field Techniques for Sea Ice Research. Edited by Hajo Eicken. Fairbanks, AK: University of Alaska Press, 2009.

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Harvest of the Sea

Harvest of the Sea: Coastal Subsistence in Modern Wainwright. Richard K. Nelson. A Report for the North Slope Borough's Coastal Management Program. Barrow, AK: North Slope Borough, 1981.

Sea Ice Project Jukebox
Historical Sea Ice Atlas

Historical Sea Ice Atlas (http://seaiceatlas.snap.uaf.edu) is a website where you can simultaneously view multiple sources of historical sea ice data from the mid-1800s to the present from the oceans surrounding northern Alaska. It is a joint project funded by the Alaska Ocean Observing System (AOOS), the Alaska Center for Climate Assessment and Policy (ACCAP), and the Scenarios Network for Alaska and Arctic Planning (SNAP).

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Hunters and Scientists Working Together

Subsistence Hunters and Scientists Working Together to Help Alaskan Coastal Communities Adapt to a Changing Climate is an article by Lisa Sheffield Guy of the Arctic Research Consortium of the United States, May 16, 2017. It describes how the Sea Ice For Walrus Outlook (SIWO) project provides weekly reports on spring sea ice and weather conditions that integrate scientific and local knowledge into a tool that is used by both groups, and provides links to the SIWO and other related websites.

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Hunters of the Northern Ice

Hunters of the Northern Ice. Richard K. Nelson. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 1969.

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Ice Conditions on Alaska's Beaufort Sea Coast

"Ice conditions on Alaska’s Beaufort Sea Coast:  Extending the Observations."  Ron Metzner and Lewis Shapiro. Northern Engineer, Vol. 11, No. 2, pp. 22-27, 35.

PDF icon Metzner_Shapiro_Nothern_Engineering_1979.pdf Sea Ice Project Jukebox
Ice Observing Network

Seasonal Ice Zone Observing Network (SIZONET) is an integrated program for observing seasonal ice in the North hosted by the Geophysical Institute, University of Alaska Fairbanks. It provides access to sea ice data as well as observations provided by local residents.

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Indigenous Knowledge and Sea Ice Science

"Indigenous Knowledge and Sea Ice Science: What Can We Learn from Indigenous Ice Users?" Hajo Eicken. In SIKU: Knowing Our Ice, Documenting Inuit Sea Ice Knowledge and Use, edited by Igor Krupnik, Claudio Aporta, Shari Gearheard, Gita J. Laidler, Lene Kielsen Holm. New York: Springer, 2010, pp. 357-376.

PDF icon Indig Knowledge Sea Ice Science_Eicken.pdf Sea Ice Project Jukebox
Inuit Knowledge of Sea Ice in a Geophysical Setting

Inuit Knowledge of Sea Ice in a Geophysical Setting is a website prepared by Dan Elsberg of the Geophysical Institute, University of Alaska Fairbanks as part of a student course project, circa 1999. It discusses traditional indigenous knowledge and perceptions of sea ice within a geophysical framework. It presents phenomena and ice types observed by Inuit hunters and travelers and then explores the geophysics behind these topics, and also defines terms in use by scientists who study sea ice.

Sea Ice Project Jukebox
Literature Review of Eskimo Knowledge of the Sea Ice Environment

Literature Review of Eskimo Knowledge of the Sea Ice Environment. Richard K. Nelson. Fort Wainwright, AK: Arctic Aeromedical Laboratory, Aerospace Medical Division, Air Force Systems Command, 1966.

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NARL Research Results

Barrow File Library Accessions List, Naval Arctic Research Laboratory (NARL), Barrow, Alaska,  as of 1 April 1970. Bibliograhy of publications related to scientific research conducted at NARL and/or by NARL scientists up to April 1970. Available at Elmer E. Rasmuson Library and the Keith B. Mather Library at the University of Alaska Fairbanks.

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National Snow and Ice Data Center

The National Snow and Ice Data Center, at the Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences (CIRES) at the University of Colorado at Boulder, serves as a national information and referral center in support of snow and ice research. They promote understanding of the earth's frozen regions and collaborate with scientific researchers to provide storage of and access to a broad range of data.

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Observations on Shorefast Ice Dynamics

“Observations on Shorefast Ice Dynamics in Arctic Alaska and the Responses of the Inupiat Hunting Community." John C. “Craig” George, Henry P. Huntington, Karen Brewster, Hajo Eicken, David W. Norton, Richard Glenn. Arctic, Vol. 57, No. 4 (December 2004), pp. 363-74.

PDF icon Observations on Shorefast Ice Dynamics in Arctic Alaska and the Responses of the Inupiat Hunting Community Sea Ice Project Jukebox
Pictorial Glossary of Sea Ice Terms

Small Pictorial Glossary of Sea Ice Terms and Evolution was created in 1999 by Dr. Hajo Eicken of the Geophysical Institute, University of Alaska Fairbanks for a course he was teaching on sea-ice geophysics. It provides a short illustrated overview of some of the most important sea-ice terms and processes he felt it was important for his students to understand.

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Puiguitkaat: The 1978 Elders Conference

Chapter 10 about ice (pp. 350-463) of Puiguitkaat: The 1978 Elders Conference. Transcription and translation by Leona Okakok (Kisautaq). Edited and photographed by Gary Kean. Barrow, AK: North Slope Borough, Commission on History and Culture, 1981.

PDF icon Puiguitkaat: The 1978 Elders Conference Sea Ice Project Jukebox
Qiñiqtuagaksrat Utuqqanaat Iñuuniaġniŋisiqun

Qiñiqtuagaksrat Utuqqanaat Iñuuniaġniŋisiqun: The Traditional Land Use Inventory for the Mid-Beaufort Sea, Volume 1. Barrow, AK: North Slope Borough, Commission on History and Culture, 1980.

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Quick Facts on Sea Ice

Quick Facts on Arctic Sea Ice is a website by the National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSDIC) that provides answers to basic questions about sea ice, including what it is, why it is important,what does maximum and minimum extent mean, and why is the ice monitored by scientists.

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Satellite Observations of Arctic Sea Ice

Time series maps and bar graphs showing how the Arctic Ocean sea ice cover for different years and months compares to averages from 1979 to 2015 on the Satellite Observations of Arctic Change website from NASA and the National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC).

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Sea Ice Data - Alaska Satellite Facility

Sea ice imagery, data products, information about sea ice, interactive video and other sea ice related material available through the Alaska Satellite Facility, University of Alaska Fairbanks.

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Sea Ice Field Course Recordings

A collection of 67 videotapes of Dr. Hajo Eicken’s Sea Ice Field Course in Barrow, Alaska titled: "Field Techniques for Sea Ice Research International Polar Year 2007-2009.” Recorded by Maya Salganek. Available at the Alaska Film Archives, Elmer E. Rasmuson Library, University of Alaska Fairbanks as AAF-13001 through AAF-13067. For more information, see the catalog record for the collection in the library's on-line catalog.

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Sea Ice for Walrus Outlook (SIWO)

The Sea Ice for Walrus Outlook (SIWO) website is a resource for Alaska Native subsistence hunters, coastal communities, and others interested in sea ice and walrus. SIWO provides weekly reports from April through June with information on weather and sea ice conditions relevant to walrus in the northern Bering Sea and southern Chukchi Sea regions of Alaska. Information on weather and sea ice conditions is provided by the National Weather Service - Alaska Region and Alaska Native sea ice experts. SIWO is a component of the Study of Environmental Arctic Change (SEARCH) program.

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Sea Ice Glossary

The Sea Ice Glossary is a website by the National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSDIC) that provides definitions and explanations of general and scientific terms related to sea ice.

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Sea Ice Group

Sea Ice Group at the Geophysical Institute, University of Alaska Fairbanks (http://seaice.alaska.edu/gi/) provides access to sea ice research projects, ice observations, data and a field blog by researchers at the Geophysical Institute of the University of Alaska Fairbanks.

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Sea Ice Prediction

"Sea Ice Prediction Has Easy and Difficult Years." Lawrence Hamilton. Witness the Arctic, Vol. 18, Issue 2 (Spring 2014).

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SIKU: Documenting Inuit Sea Ice Knowledge

SIKU: Knowing Our Ice, Documenting Inuit Sea-Ice Knowledge and Use, edited by Igor Krupnik, Claudio Aporta, Shari Gearheard, Gita J. Laidler, Lene Kielsen Holm, New York: Springer, 2010.

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Study of Environmental Arctic Change (SEARCH)

Study of Environmental Arctic Change (SEARCH) is a collaborative program of Arctic researchers, funding agencies, and others that facilitates synthesis of Arctic science and communicates it to society as we respond to a rapidly changing Arctic. SEARCH currently focuses on how shrinking land ice, diminishing sea ice, and degrading permafrost impact Arctic and global systems. SEARCH’s interdisciplinary action teams work to listen to and inform agencies, decision‐makers, and Arctic residents. SEARCH includes the Sea Ice Action Team, the Sea Ice Prediction Network, and the Sea Ice for Walrus Outlook (SIWO) project.

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The Human Geography of Arctic Sea Ice

“The Human Geography of Arctic Sea Ice,” Special Issue of Polar Geography, edited by Amy Lauren Lovecraft, Vol. 36, Nos. 1-2, March-June 2013.

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The Meaning of Ice

The Meaning of Ice: People and Sea Ice in Three Arctic Communities, edited by Shari Fox Gearheard, Lene Kielsen Holm, Henry P. Huntington, Joe Mello Leavitt, Andrew R. Mahoney, Margaret Opie, Toku Oshima, and Joelie Sanguya, Hanover, NH: International Polar Institute Press, 2013.

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Toward an Integrated Coastal Sea Ice Observatory

"Toward an Integrated Coastal Sea-Ice Observatory: System Components and a Cast Study at Barrow, Alaska." Matthew Druckenmiller, Hajo Eicken, Mark Johnson, Daniel Pringle, and Christina Williams. Cold Regions Science and Technology, Vol. 56, Issues 2-3 (May 2009), pp. 61-72.

PDF icon Toward Integrated Coastal Sea Ice Observatory_Druckenmiller.pdf Sea Ice Project Jukebox
Trails to the Whale

“Trails to the Whale: Reflections on Change and Choice on an Inupiat Icescape at Barrow, Alaska.” Matthew L. Druckenmiller, Hajo Eicken, J.C. “Craig” George, Lewis Brower. Polar Geography, Vol. 36, Nos. 1-2, March-June 2013, pp. 5-29.

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Wales Inupiaq Sea Ice Dictionary

Kiŋikmi Sigum Qanuq Ilitaavut - Wales Inupiaq Sea Ice Dictionary. Winton Weyapuk, Jr. and Igor Krupnik, compilers. Advisors: Pete Sereadlook and Faye Ongtowasruk. Editors: Igor Krupnik, Herbert Anungazuk, and Matthew Druckenmiller. Washington, D.C.: Arctic Studies Center, Smithsonian Institution, 2012.

PDF icon Wales Inupiaq Sea Ice Dictionary Sea Ice Project Jukebox
Whaling Season

Whaling Season: A Year in the Life of an Arctic Whale Scientist (http://peterlourie.com/books/WhalingSeason.htm) is a children's book by Peter Lourie who also developed the Arctic Stories website with video storytelling of voices from the Arctic.

Sea Ice Project Jukebox
Workshop on Impacts of Sea Ice Loss

First SEARCH Knowledge Exchange Workshop on the Impacts of Arctic Sea-Ice Loss: Workshop Report, September 14-15, 2016, Washington, DC. Prepared by Jennifer Francis, Henry Huntington, and Matthew Druckenmiller, members of the Study of Environmental Arctic Change (SEARCH) Sea Ice Action Team, February 2017.

PDF icon Knowledge Exchange Workshop on the Impacts of Arctic Sea-Ice Loss Sea Ice Project Jukebox